Top Ten Programming Languages for 2018
Do you know what are the top ten programming languages to learn in 2018-2019? Consequently, this article discuss the Top Ten Programming Languages you should learn to be ready for the future needs of IT Industry.
1. Go: Language for the Cloud
Go, an open source Google language, first appearing in 2009 by three Google employees, Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. Also known as Golang, Go is a traditional language like C, but it’s written expressly for the cloud, with concurrency and other features such garbage collection built in. Furthermore, large Go applications can be compiled in a few seconds on a single computer.
Projects written in Go include Docker and Force.com. “We’re hearing a lot about Go at the moment,” Driver says. “There’s a lot of experimentation going on with it — but it does have a steep learning curve.“
Why learn Go?
While the combination of suitability for the cloud, Google backing, and, the high level of interest in Go, at the moment suggest that the language will very likely take off. For the reason that tt is faster, easier to learn and does the same job that C++ or Java has been doing for us.
BBC, SoundCloud, Facebook and UK Government’s official website are some of the notable users of Go. Also, as the creators said, “Go is an attempt to combine the ease of programming of an interpreted, dynamically typed language with the efficiency and safety of a statically typed, compiled language.”
Why learn Dart?
Google’s backing ensures that Dart has a good chance of succeeding.
Dart – has been in shadows of Go, for the past year or so. Certainly, now that app development is gaining pace, people are realizing how useful Dart can be in implementing high performance architecture and performing modern app development.
R is a powerful language for data analysis, data visualization, machine learning and statistics. Originally developed for statistical programming, it is now one of the most popular languages in data science.
Next in the list of top ten programming languages is Scala. It is short for “scalable language,” and it’s designed to be exactly that: Scala can be used for tiny programs or very large-scale applications. It’s not particularly new, as it was introduced in 2003, but interest is on the rise. One key reason for that is that you can optimize code to work with concurrency. Another is simply that many developers like using it.
This functional and highly scalable programming languages has gradually attracted attention and companies such as Twitter, LinkedIn and Intel are using the language in their system now.
Why learn Scala?
A key advantage for companies considering Scala is that it interoperates with Java. It runs on JVMs (and Android), while integrated development environments (IDEs) such as Eclipse, IntelliJ or NetBeans, and frameworks such as Spring or Hibernate, all work with it. “The ability to adopt it on top of existing JVMs is really significant,” says Jeffrey Hammond, a principal analyst at Forrester.
4. Opa- Simple, Secure Web Apps
Web applications are going to get more complex and prevalent, and there’s unique value in having the server-side/client-side distribution of code happen automatically.
Opa doesn’t replace any of these languages individually. Rather, it seeks to eliminate them all at once, by proposing an entirely new paradigm for Web programming. In an Opa application, the client-side UI, server-side logic, and database I/O are all implemented in a single language, Opa.
Why learn Opa?
Naturally, a system this integrated requires some back-end magic. Opa’s runtime environment bundles its own Web server and database management system, which, stand-alone alternatives, can’t replace with . That may be a small price to pay, however, for the ability to prototype sophisticated, data-driven Web applications in just a few dozen lines of code. Opa is open source and available now for 64-bit Linux and Mac OS X platforms, with further ports in the works.
5. Ceylon: Modular Java Killer
In the top ten programming languages, Ceylon comes at Number 5. Based on Java, Ceylon has been designed as a Java killer. Developed as a language for writing large programs in teams by Red Hat, the first stable release became available at the end of 2013.
Modularity is a key feature. Code is organized into packages and modules, then compiled to module archives. The tooling supports a system of module repositories, with every module published in a central repository called Ceylon Herd.
Gavin King denies that Ceylon, the language he’s developing at Red Hat, is meant to be a “Java killer.” King is best known as the creator of the Hibernate object-relational mapping framework for Java. He likes Java, but he thinks it leaves lots of room for improvement.
Among King’s gripes are Java’s verbose syntax, its lack of first-class and higher-order functions, and its poor support for meta-programming. The absence of a declarative syntax for structured data definition, in particular, is frustrating. That leaves Java “joined at the hip to XML.” Ceylon aims to solve all these problems.
King and his team don’t plan to reinvent the wheel completely. There will be no Ceylon virtual machine; the Ceylon compiler will output Java bytecode that runs on the JVM. But Ceylon will be more than just a compiler, too. A big goal of the project is to create a new Ceylon SDK to replace the Java SDK, which King says is bloated and clumsy, and it’s never been “properly modernized.”
Why learn Ceylon?
The F# -pronounced “F-sharp”, a Microsoft language designed to be both functional and practical. It is a first-class language on the .Net Common Language Runtime. Therefore it can access all of the same libraries and features as other CLR languages, such as C# and Visual Basic.
F# code resembles OCaml somewhat, but it adds interesting syntax of its own. For example, to aid scientific computation, we can assign numeric data types in F# as units of measure. F# also offers constructs to aid asynchronous I/O, CPU parallelization, and off-loading processing to the GPU.
After a long gestation period at Microsoft Research, F# now ships with Visual Studio 2010. Better still, in an unusual move, Microsoft has made the F# compiler and core library available under the Apache open source license; you can start working with it for free and even use it on Mac and Linux systems (via the Mono runtime).
Should you develop your applications for Java or .Net? If you code in Fantom, you can take your pick and even switch platforms midstream. That’s because Fantom is designed from the ground up for cross-platform portability. The Fantom project includes a set of APIs that abstract away the Java and .Net APIs. It helps in creating an additional portability layer.
Fantom is open source under the Academic Free License 3.0. And, is available for Windows and Unix-like platforms (including Mac OS X).
In the top ten programming languages, Swift is at number 8. Apple launched Swift at the WWDC in 2014. Therefore, you can be sure that it has something that can deliver success and results. And, its exponential growth in just one year shows how capable and promising this language is. According to Apple, Swift brings the best of Python and Ruby together and adds modern programming fundamentals, to make it more effective and fun. If you’ve been using or were planning on learning Objective C to develop iOS apps, don’t bother learning it. Swift is the language you need to know moving forward. There will soon come a day when nobody will use Objective C to develop apps.
The Rust Programming Language was launched in 2014 by Mozilla. It did not receive the immediate success like Hack and Go. In the last 6 months the number of Rust users in the world has escalated. An upgrade to C and C++, Rust is becoming more beloved by programmers every day.